Atomic origin of spin-valve magnetoresistance at the SrRuO3 grain boundary
Author(s): Li, XJ (Li, Xujing); Yin, L (Yin, Li); Lai, ZX (Lai, Zhengxun); Wu, M (Wu, Mei); Sheng, Y (Sheng, Yu); Zhang, L (Zhang, Lei); Sun, YW (Sun, Yuanwei); Chen, SL (Chen, Shulin); Li, XM (Li, Xiaomei); Zhang, JM (Zhang, Jingmin); Li, YH (Li, Yuehui); Liu, KH (Liu, Kaihui); Wang, KY (Wang, Kaiyou); Yu, DP (Yu, Dapeng); Bai, XD (Bai, Xuedong); Mi, WB (Mi, Wenbo); Gao, P (Gao, Peng)
Source: NATIONAL SCIENCE REVIEW Volume: 7 Issue: 4 Pages: 755-762 DOI: 10.1093/nsr/nwaa004 Published: APR 2020
Abstract: Defects exist ubiquitously in crystal materials, and usually exhibit a very different nature from the bulk matrix. Hence, their presence can have significant impacts on the properties of devices. Although it is well accepted that the properties of defects are determined by their unique atomic environments, the precise knowledge of such relationships is far from clear for most oxides because of the complexity of defects and difficulties in characterization. Here, we fabricate a 36.8 degrees SrRuO3 grain boundary of which the transport measurements show a spin-valve magnetoresistance. We identify its atomic arrangement, including oxygen, using scanning transmission electron microscopy and spectroscopy. Based on the as-obtained atomic structure, the density functional theory calculations suggest that the spin-valve magnetoresistance occurs because of dramatically reduced magnetic moments at the boundary. The ability to manipulate magnetic properties at the nanometer scale via defect control allows new strategies to design magnetic/electronic devices with low-dimensional magnetic order.
Accession Number: WOS:000537456300006